The Schengen Agreement is one of the most significant agreements between European countries. Signed in the town of Schengen in Luxembourg in 1985, it is a treaty that enables the free movement of people within the EU, meaning that once you are inside the Schengen Area, you can travel from one country to another without the need for a passport or visas.
The Schengen Area is made up of 26 countries, including 22 EU member states and four non-EU countries (Switzerland, Norway, Liechtenstein, and Iceland). The agreement creates a borderless area that covers an area of more than four million square kilometers and is home to over 400 million people.
The Schengen Agreement works by removing border checks and controls between participating countries, which allows for free movement of goods, people, and services within the Schengen Area. This means that traveling between countries within the area is much more comfortable and more accessible than ever before. This agreement guarantees that once you are inside the Schengen Area, you have the right to travel freely from one country to another.
To ensure that the free movement of people within the Schengen Area does not compromise security, the agreement has set up measures to maintain the safety and security of its citizens. One of the measures is the creation of a shared database called the Schengen Information System (SIS) that allows authorities to track and investigate criminal activities and other security risks.
Apart from the benefits that come with the Schengen Agreement, there are some disadvantages as well. One of the most significant disadvantages is the increase in illegal migration, which has led to increased pressure on the countries that act as the entry and exit points to the Schengen Area. Additionally, there is an increased risk of terrorism and crime, which can easily cross borders within the area.
In conclusion, the Schengen Agreement has revolutionized European travel and made it much easier for people to travel between countries. However, it is essential to ensure that the security measures in place are sufficient to safeguard the citizens of the Schengen Area from any harm. It is an agreement that will continue to be a cornerstone of European integration and cooperation in the years to come.